What are mental health disorders and their types?

Mental health disorder, also called mental sickness, refers to a range of mental conditions that affect thinking patterns, normal behavior, mood, and actions. A mental ailment potentially affects your life and can make it miserable. It can disturb relationships, your daily life, and your goals. The severity of the mental health disorders can be managed and even eliminated if diagnosed and treated at early stages. However, most people are ashamed of talking about mental health and the symptoms get worse. Some common mental health disorders include anxiety, dysthymia, depression, schizophrenia, eating disorders, bipolar disorders, and addictive behaviors.

Where to find the best mental health services in Charleston?

There are many counseling centers and mental healthcare offices in Charleston that offer services to patients fighting mild and severe mental health disorders. But you will seldom find a mental health clinic offering professional services for almost all types of ailments. Mostly, these healthcare centers have specialized psychologists for any one specific type of mental illness. Holistic is one of those all-rounders that have a team of experts capable of treating a wide range of mental health disorders. If you are in Charleston, West Virginia, and need to discuss your mental health with a certified doctor, visit Holistic.

1. Anxiety

Anxiety is a common mental disorder and nearly 40% of American adults were reported as patients of anxiety in 2021. Anxiety includes a wide range of symptoms that may vary from person to person. Some face severe panic attacks, uncontrolled and undefined fears, and nightmares while some have suicidal thoughts, traumatic stress, and sleeplessness.

A mental health care specialist can determine your specific type from the symptoms you are fighting with. Any event or stressful situation can trigger anxiety symptoms in the patient.

For example, death in a family working under highly stressful conditions, and living with worries like finance or economic breakdown.

When your brain feels anxious it releases chemicals that initiate a high alert in the body and activate the fight or flight system. That’s why you feel panic and extremely terrified. Some simple ways to take care of your mental health and prevent yourself from anxiety include a well-balanced diet, prohibition from alcohol and drugs, regular meditation, and physical activities. Visit Holistic Inc. (holistic-inc.com) in Charleston because they provide treatment for all types of mental health disorders.


It is a hyperactivity disorder in which the patient is unable to pay attention and remains distracted. The full abbreviation of hyperactivity disorder is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It was also known as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) but since inattention and hyperactivity were observed in patients the disease was named ADHD. 

This mental health disorder is one of the most common disorders among children with developmental anomalies in the brain. ADHD usually starts in childhood and children face difficulty in paying attention controlling their impulses, reaction, and behavior. These patients are overly active and act without thinking about the outcome of their actions. 

This is all because the patients have no control over their impulsive behavior. The actual cause and risk factors are not sure but the latest research has predicted that genetics play a major role. Moreover, ADHD initiates in childhood because of incorrect genetic code which leads to developmental faults in the brain. A complete, nutritious, and healthy diet accompanied by regular mental healthcare visits and therapies can help the patients manage their symptoms. 

3. Depression

It is a mental health disorder that affects millions of adults and teenagers in America and all over the world. According to the report of 2021, the depression percentage of American adults was 47%. That shows it is the most widespread mental health disorder in America. 

The symptoms vary from person to person. However common symptoms faced by most individuals include sudden tearful sadness, sleeplessness, and decreased energy level before starting their day. Severe depression gives hopeless feelings to the patient, strong suicidal thoughts, and the patients hurt themselves a lot. 

That is why it is the most common cause of suicide (due to mental health issues) in the world. Depression has no certain single cause and the trigger factors vary. It can be due to divorce, job, business loss, death of a close relative, stressful life, permanent illness, or bullying. However, proper therapy, self-care activities, meditation, a healthy diet, and enough sleep can potentially prevent depression. 

4. Schizophrenia

It is a swear mental health disorder that causes unusual behaviors in the patients. The patients start hearing voices in their head (hallucinations), develop a false perception about normal things, and become unable to differentiate between reality and imaginary events. The patient takes the imaginative and unreal experiences as reality. Moreover, the person with schizophrenia portrays their imaginative thoughts in a strange way that looks odd to a normal person. 

These patients have a common fear that others will harm or kill them. That is why patients with schizophrenia always act like they have to protect themselves from others. For example, checking all the door locks again and again with a fear of neighbors, that they will harm. 

The actual cause of schizophrenia is not known, however, researchers say that influence of different factors (genetic, environmental, and psychological) initiate the disorder in a person.  These patients can live a normal life but it is only possible with good treatment. Mental healthcare centers like Holistic Inc. (holistic-inc.com) offer the best mental health services in Charleston, West Virginia. 

5. Dysthymia

Dysthymia is a severe form of depression which is also known as persistent depressive disorder. It lasts longer than normal depression and has bouts of major depression when triggered. It is not completely possible to prevent persistent depressive disorder because dysthymia starts in childhood, especially at the onset of teenage. If diagnosed in childhood the children could get better treatment and the condition would appear less risky. 

Though researchers haven’t found any gene linked with dysthymia, the disorder runs in families. A set of factors that are likely to be involved in causing this severe type of depression include trauma, stress, environmental influence, pharmacological effects of drugs, and genetic mutations. 

There are two ways to treat dysthymia in patients, medication, and psychotherapy. Depending on the severity of your symptoms the doctor can better tell which way should you opt for the treatment. Common medicines prescribed for bouts of dysthymia include SSRIs and antidepressants. Dysthymia does not go away itself, you need proper treatment to get rid of this disorder.  

6. Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder causes unpredictable shifts in activity, mood, energy, and ability to perform daily tasks. It is a mental health disorder that built two opposite extreme moods in a patient. One mood is extremely depressive and you have no energy to do anything while the other end of bipolar disorder is mania. 

Mania refers to a state full of energy and activeness. Mania is sometimes considered useful because the patient is productive and energetic during this state. But it is also a risky state because the patient participates in activities that may appear fatal. After Mania, the patient re-enters into a devastating depressive mode. 

This mental health disorder can also exist with schizophrenia and other such illnesses. Research has proved there is a specific type of gene that is responsible for the onset of this disorder. To stabilize this mood disorder regular exercise and ample sleep are necessary. Meditation amazingly helps patients with bipolar disorder to develop self-control and ease their depression. 

7. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is chronic mental sickness in which a person has uncontrollable periodic obsessions with strange behaviors and an urge to perform some specific actions over and over. OCD patients have obsessions with certain actions and rituals because the patient feels alleviation in their stress by performing these actions. The behavioral obsessions in OCD patients are very intense and the patients feel highly anxious when they cannot accomplish certain acts. 

The person with OCD spends a considerable portion of his life with this behavioral anomaly because bouts of OCD obsessions are very frequent. Symptoms vary from person to person, for example, some wash hands frequently until they become rough with the fear of germs, some check doors and windows to ensure that they are closed, some repeat a sentence or a phrase silently, and some are obsessed with symmetries because they cannot see anything without proper arrangement. 

Behavioral therapy and talking therapies can help reduce the anxiety and severity of behavioral obsessions. And meditation is considered the best remedy for OCD patients because it helps them control the symptoms.

8. Psychosis

Psychosis occurs as a result of prolonged untreated schizophrenia. However, extremely poor health conditions and the effects of strong medicinal and recreational drugs can also induce psychosis in a person. In psychosis, a person feels strong hallucinations and delusions that are incoherent with the patient’s behavior. 

People with psychosis spend more time alone, express strong emotions or no emotions at all, remain suspicious and uncomfortable around others, have trouble concentrating and thinking, and lack self-care. 

The psychosis patient loses touch with the real world because the brain processes imaginary information more than real events. It is not permanently curable but the symptoms can be controlled if the patient would get ample sleep, has a nutritious diet, avoids all types of drugs and alcohol, socialize and participate in regular physical activity. At Holistic Inc. (holistic-inc.com) you can get the best counseling sessions for mental health disorders. 

9. Post-traumatic stress disorder

PTSD happens when someone experiences strong traumatic and disturbing events like sexual abuse, massacre, natural disasters, ruthless murder, or War. These traumas lead to a type of stress that causes severe anxiety, flashbacks to the event, frequent nightmares, and the patient loses control of his/her thoughts. The patient feels overwhelmed by the traumatic thoughts and experiences anxiety attacks. 

The latest treatment for PTSD is called Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing. Only licensed EMDR specialists can perform this procedure. People with PTSD remain uncomfortable and mentally disturbed because of repetitive thoughts of the traumatic event that they survived. They may feel relaxed after nightmares or flashbacks but after that, the feeling of sadness and fear prevails.

Post-traumatic stress disorder is triggered by loud terrifying noises or visualizing similar horrific events in movies or dreams. If left untreated, it can lead the patient to psychosis or schizophrenia. Also, some patients commit suicide due to severe anxiety and flashbacks of the event. Proper counseling and talking therapies are required to treat a patient with PTSD.  

10. Eating disorders

Three types of eating disorders that include Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, and Binge-eating are very common among people that fear weight gain. Especially, young females are more affected by Anorexia and Bulimia. A girl with Anorexia Nervosa has the main objective of calorie restriction and eats much less than the body wants. On the other hand, a Bulimic girl first ingests large amounts of calories (sugary items, cakes, chocolates, cheese, pastry), feels guilty about the food she consumed and tries to induce self-vomiting with the fear of becoming fat. Eating disorders can be prevented by keeping a food diary and calming your stress. The patient should go for a hunger reality check and get a diet chart from the doctor. Regular physical exercise can also help a lot.

Types of mental health disorders

According to studies performed during Covid, twenty-five percent of adult Americans are diagnosed with mental health issues. And almost all those people who commit suicide have a mental disorder. Here we have described some common mental health disorders and ways to take care of your mental health.

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Good news

Luckily, all the above-mentioned mental health disorders are curable through proper medication and therapy sessions. Also, there are numerous ways to take care of your mental health and one can easily prevent mental health disorders by acquiring some useful habits. However, it is better to seek professional assistance to grab mental health disorders from the root and eliminate them permanently. If you are in Charleston and searching for the best medical and counseling services, contact Holistic Inc. (holistic-inc.com) and start your healing journey with the most qualified doctors today.